The phrases 'And God called the light day' and 'He called the darkness night' delineate the division of a full divine day which constitute a full day. In other words, from the perspective of the rotation of the sun to mark a day, no matter your geographical location on earth, darkness is night and daylight is day, no matter how wide the clock time difference may be.
We also read that 'there was an evening and there was a morning', which further breaks down and shades more light in the delineation of the day. The divine day starts in the evening. It is easy to differentiate between night, day, and morning. But at what time does morning start? At what time does evening start?
The morning part of the day is not an issue in explaining the timing of the death and resurrection of Jesus but evening is.
If evening time is clear for you, it was not for me because how we use 'evening' and 'night' in our language. It took me time to get to understand that evening is not darkness which defines or marks night. When we salute someone during the darkness portion of the day, we start the dialogue by saying 'good evening!' instead of 'good night!' 'Good night' is used as a wish at the end of the dialogue.
That matters to me because believers start the sabbath day when darkness is imminent. The problem with starting the Sabbath day at sunset arises from the fact that the unit day of Genesis does not start with darkness. We do not read 'there was a night and there was a morning' to mark the divine day. We do read that there was 'an evening'.
What is clear is that the appearance of darkness (night) marks the end of evening. So, when we read in the Bible about an event occurring in the evening, we must keep in mind that the event occurred in the daylight part of the day.
For example, the Hebrews hurried to bury Jesus before the start of the sabbath day of the first day of unleavened bread. Understanding that evening ends with darkness, we must come to understand that because the divine day starts during daylight, Sabbath day necessarily starts within broad daylight not as it getting dark. That is the biblical record. At what clock time do we start the Sabbath Day? I will get into that in a different page.
With the timing of the resurrection, we must identify 3 days and 3 nights to find the day when Jesus must have risen. Many claim that the Jews usually or used to or do count part of the day as a day to explain the missing part of the '3 days and 3 nights', but that is nonsense. Assuming that they count part of a day as a day, they could not do that during the Passover week since the length of the Passover week is well defined or delineated in the Bible: from the 14th to the 21st! 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21. As you might be able to see, the 7 days of the week of Passover cover 8 dates or 8 days! More on that in another page.
in the first month, on the fourteenth of the month, between the evenings, is the Passover to Jehovah. Leviticus 23:5 YLT
in the fourteenth day of this month between the evenings ye prepare it in its appointed season; according to all its statutes, and according to all its ordinances ye prepare it.' Numbers 9:3 YLT
and they prepare the Passover in the first month , on the fourteenth day of the month, between the evenings, in the wilderness of Sinai; according to all that Jehovah hath commanded Moses, so have the sons of Israel done. Numbers 9:5 YLT
From the understanding that evening commences a new divine day, the expression 'between the evenings' expresses the necessity of 2 calendar days to make a full 24 hour biblical day.